In almost default Linux installation, there is no default tools to compress and decompress files. There is utility to archive files called
tar, but it just archive the files without any compression.
So first we want to install
unzip tools to compress and decompress files.
apt-get install zip apt-get install unzip
sudo apt-get install zip unzip
Compress files / Directory
zip your_folder *
There is no need to add .zip extension or suffix as it is added automatically by
zip command. Then use the
ls command to verify new zip file.
To compress an entire directory (including all subdirectories), use -r with zip command and it will recursively compress our files and folders.
zip -r your_folder *
Decompress files / Directory
To extract one file from compressed directory, we want to specify that file name with extension.
unzip your_folder.zip cv.doc
In the above example, I specified the name of the file (cv.doc) to be extracted in unzip command.
If we want to extract to a particular destination folder, then we need to specify the destination folder.
unzip your_folder.zip -d /var/www/
Here I specified the destination folder ( /var/www ) with unzip command.