Make custom taxonomies for WordPress as a plugin

The taxonomies are way to group posts & pages in WordPress. In WordPress, to group our contents, we normally use categories & tags. They are two important & default taxonomies in WordPress. Same like categories & tags, we can make our own taxonomies in WordPress. They are known as custom taxonomies.

For example, consider a news site, we can categorize news & we can assign tags for them. If there is a possibility to group news in a location wise, it will improve usability of our website.

Like such situations, we can make our own taxonomies like location & we can group our content with new taxonomies. Today I share a code snippet to make custom taxonomy, “Location” for WordPress Posts.

To make my custom taxonomies as a theme independent, I like to make it as a plugin.

First, we want to make a folder inside WordPress plugin directory for our custom taxonomy plugin. Then make a php file inside it & paste below code in to it.

<?php
/*
Plugin Name: Location Taxonomies
Description: Declares a plugin that will create a custom taxonomy "Location" to group posts.
Version: 1.0
Author: Your Name
Author URI: http://yourdomain.com/
License: GPLv2
*/

function add_location_custom_taxonomies() {
    // Add new "Locations" taxonomy to Posts
    register_taxonomy('location', 'post', array(
        // Hierarchical taxonomy (like categories)
        'hierarchical' => true,
        // This array of options controls the labels displayed in the WordPress Admin UI
        'labels' => array(
            'name' => _x( 'Locations', 'taxonomy general name' ),
            'singular_name' => _x( 'Location', 'taxonomy singular name' ),
            'search_items' =>  __( 'Search Locations' ),
            'all_items' => __( 'All Locations' ),
            'parent_item' => __( 'Parent Location' ),
            'parent_item_colon' => __( 'Parent Location:' ),
            'edit_item' => __( 'Edit Location' ),
            'update_item' => __( 'Update Location' ),
            'add_new_item' => __( 'Add New Location' ),
            'new_item_name' => __( 'New Location Name' ),
            'menu_name' => __( 'Locations' ),
        ),
        // Control the slugs used for this taxonomy
        'rewrite' => array(
            'slug' => 'locations', // This controls the base slug that will display before each term
            'with_front' => false, // Don't display the category base before "/locations/"
            'hierarchical' => true // This will allow URL's like "/locations/boston/cambridge/"
        ),
    ));
}
add_action( 'init', 'add_location_custom_taxonomies', 0 );

Inside this code snippet, the first part is the information about our plugin. Here we name it, give a brief description & give essential credits to plugin author.

Then we make a function to create location taxonomy & register it as a taxonomy.

Just save that PHP file & then activate our new plugin in WordPress admin end. A new “Locations” box will appear to the right of our posts in the WordPress admin area. We can use this the way like categories.

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