Sarathlal N

The input types in HTML5 form element

From a decade, HTML form has some common input types & some attributes for them. We widely used them in our applications & all browsers support them.

I just list out the input types available in HTML4 form element at here for a reference.

  1. Checkbox
  2. Radio button
  3. Password field
  4. Drop-down list
  5. File selection
  6. Submit button
  7. Text field

We don’t need an explanation about these form inputs because we are regularly using them in our daily life. In our contact forms & online application pages, we are using these input types.

In HTML5, We have an improved Form element. Now we have more than a dozen new input types and too many new attributes for them. Today, I’m going to explore this new input types in HTML5 form element.

Input Type Description
url To enter a URL, we can use url input type. It must start with a valid URI scheme (like http://, ftp:// or mailto: etc).
tel The tel is usable to enter phone numbers. It does not enforce a particular syntax for validation, so if we want to ensure a particular format, we need to use pattern attribute with it.
email For entering email addresses. By default it will only take one, but if the multiple attribute is provided, a comma separated list of email addresses is valid.
search A text input field styled in a way that is consistent with the platform’s search field.
number For numeric input, can be any rational integer or float value. It support attribute like min, max, step & value etc. We can make it as a spin box with these attributes.
color It help us to pick a color and returns the color’s hexadecimal representation.
range It is also used for number input, but unlike the number input type, the value is less important. It is displayed to the user as a slider control.
datetime Used to enter a date and time value where the time zone is provided as GMT.
datetime-local For entering a date and time value where the time zone provided is the local time zone.
date For entering a date (only) with no time zone provided.
time For entering a time (only) with no time zone provided.
week For entering a date that consists of a week-year number and a week number, but no time zone.
month For entering a date with a year and a month, but no time zone.

The benefits of these new input types

This new input types give some hints to the web browser about what type of keyboard layout to display for on-screen keyboards.

Also the modern browsers can provide built-in validation for some input types like email and url. On other elements, we can indicate a valid input format by providing a regular expression in the the pattern attribute.

We can find various applications with these new input types. Already it have power to replace JavaScript code for form validation etc. But we need a updated & modern browser.

Any way, these input types will help to make beautiful & user friendlier web forms in feature days. We want to play more with them to get our hands dirty.

Recent Posts

  1. Action hooks that trigger on, before or after add, update or delete actions of option - WordPress
  2. Get all variations of a variable product - WooCommerce
  3. Generate random string - Python
  4. Split domain from an email address - Python
  5. Get upcoming N days - PHP

Your Questions / Comments

If you found this article interesting, found errors, or just want to discuss about it, please get in touch.